Vol.8 (2) - 2019 , IJPSR

JOURNEY OF COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY TO COGNITIVE SCIENCE

Prof. . Ashok HS,

  Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, Bangalore University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

PERSPECTIVE OF SELF ESTEEM, COPING STRATEGIES, FAMILY ENVIRONMENT, PERSONALITY, SOCIAL SUPPORT AS PSYCHO-SOCIAL FACTORS AMONG ADOLESCENTS OF JAMMU CITY

*Saima Hafiz

ABSTRACT

Background: Adolescence period is crucial to the post development years of an individual. Psychosocial factors play a detrimental role in influencing the mental of individuals. There are varied ranges of psychosocial factor with various properties. In this study, adolescents have been taken up as it is considered as the most difficult phase in the life of an individual. Objective : The aim of the present study is to examine the relationship between various psychosocial factors and how they have an influence on the behavior of individuals. The purpose of undertaking this study is to find out the factors associated to the well being of adolescents. According to the review of literature and previous suggestions, the psychosocial variables of self esteem, coping strategies, family environment, personality and social support have been utilized in order to understand its detrimental effect and which factors together are helpful for the adolescents well being. The objective of this study is to understand what variables are closely associated. The objectives are based on the theoretical perspectives. Participants: In this study the total of 200 adolescents (M = 16.19; SD = 1.68) were taken from various colleges and schools of Jammu city. Method and Results: Factor analysis is applied to reduce large number of variables to few factors. Five factors are obtained. The total variance explained is 74.9%. Psychological Factor; Family Environment; Adaptive Strategies; Coping Strategies; and Conscientiousness are the factors that were named based on the nature of the properties they share with other psychosocial variables.

Key Words: Adolescence, Self Esteem, Coping Strategies, Family Environment, Personality Social Support, Factor Analysis

  * Guest Faculty, Department of Life Long Learning, University of Jammu, J & K. Email: saimahafiz21@gmail.com.

EFFECT OF TRAINING PROGRAMME ON QUALITY OF LIFE OF PEOPLE WITH TYPE-II DIABETES

Selvakumar Jagannathan1, Kannan Ramiah2, Valarmathy Selvakumar3

ABSTRACT

Background: The prevalence of diabetes mellitus has increased significantly over the past two decades. Recent estimates project around 285 million people with diabetes around the world presently, and this number is set to increase to 438 million by the year 2030. It became essential to train people with type II diabetes to improve their quality of life in order to manage type II diabetes effectively. Sample: 30 type II diabetes were randomly selected from the Diabetes care centres in Chennai for the assessment of quality of life. Methodology: The present study aimed to examine the effect of training programme given to people with type II diabetes on quality of life. The quality of life was assessed using questionnaire “The Quality of Life Scale (QOLS)” by John Flanagan (1970). Paired t- test were used to assess the effectiveness of training programme on quality of life of people with Type II diabetes. Result and Conclusion: The result shows that there was a significant increase in quality of life of people with type II diabetes due to quality of life enhancement training programme. It was concluded that quality of life training plays a vital role in modifying and improving lifestyle of people with type II diabetes in order to improve adherence to the diabetes treatment regimen and to promote pro-diabetic coping behaviors.

Key Words: effect training type ii diabetes quality of life

  Associate Professor of Physiology1, Department of Physiology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Email id: drjskmddm@yahoo.co.in Associate Professor of Physiology2, Institute of Physiology & Experimental Medicine, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Counseling and Experimental Pyschologist3, Sivam 3rd Mind Counselling & Psychotherapy Center for Rehabilitation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN QUALITY OF LIFE AND MENTAL HEALTH OF PEOPLE WITH TYPE II DIABETES IN RURAL AREAS

Kannan Ramiah1, Selvakumar Jagannathan2, ValarmathySelvakumar3

ABSTRACT

Background:   Revicki and colleagues (2000) define QOL as "a broad range of human experiences related to one's overall well-being. It implies value based on subjective functioning in comparison with personal expectations and is defined by subjective experiences, states and perceptions. The World Health Organization (2010) defines mental health as a state of positive  mental condition in which one realizes his/her capabilities, manages the life stresses, put effort effectively and efficiently, and is competent enough to put some contribution to his/her society. According to mental health model (Veit & Ware, 1983), there are two components of mental health, first is psychological well-being and the other is psychological distress. Objective:The present study was undertaken to know the relationship between quality of life and mental health of people with Type II diabetes.Sample:30 Type II diabetes were selected from the Diabetes Management Clinic in Rural areas for the assessment of quality of life and mental health. Methodology:The quality of life was assessed using “The Quality of Life Scale (QOLS)” by John Flanagan (1970) and Mental health was assessed using “Mental health inventory (MHI)-18 items by Veit and ware (1983). Finding and Conclusion: The study revealed that there is a significant relationship between quality of life and mental health of people with Type II diabetes.

Key Words: Quality of life, Mental health and Type II diabetes.

  1Institute of Physiology & Experimental Medicine, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
2Department of Physiology, Sri Muthukumaran Medical College Hospital & Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. Email id: drjskmddm@yahoo.co.in. Contact No: 9176481023.
3Counseling and Experimental Psychology, Mind Counselling & Psychotherapy Center for Rehabilitation, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

ADOLESCENT SELF -ESTEEM: A COMPARATIVE STUDY WHICH EXPLORES PERCEPTION OF SELF-ESTEEM

Dr. Unnikrishnan Pratibha1 Ms. Ann Tresa Thomas2

ABSTRACT

Background: Self-esteem is a vital element for success of an individual. Adolescence is an important transitional phase in a individual's life. Establishing one's identity and esteem in this turbulent phase is a task, added to this, for those individuals labeled as not performing not on par with typically developing neurotypical individuals such as Learning Disability it is causes havoc. Objects:  The present study aimed at analyzing how the self-esteem of adolescents with and without learning disorders differed using a self-esteem inventory which had to be answered by the adolescents. Sample: The study sample consisted of 61 school going adolescents from various schools of a metropolitan city in India.  Results of the study indicate that there is a difference in the way the two groups of adolescents perceive their self-esteem.

Key Words: self-esteem adolescents transitional learning disability

  Lecturer in Psychology1, Department of Psychology, AYJNISH (D), Bandra (West), Mumbai-400050, email: pratibhaunnikrishnan@gmail.com,
Student2 Bachelors in Speech language pathology and Audiology

LIFE SATISFACTION OF MASTER SPORTS PERSONS

Dr. Sreenivas .M

ABSTRACT

Sport gerontology is a new developing field within gerontology. It focus psycho-social issues related to sports, physical activity, exercise behaviour of elderly. In the present study comparison was made between older sports persons and older non-sports persons on Life satisfaction. The Sample consisted 60 master sports persons (older adults who are actively involving in competitive sports and 60 Non-sports persons (older persons who are not involving in competitive sports). The age range of the subjects is 60 years and above. A Interview schedule, A Life satisfaction Index (LSI-A) developed by Paintal (1969) were used. The obtained results were discussed in this study.

Key Words: Life satisfaction, Master sports persons and Non-sports persons

  Associate Professor, Dept. of Psychology, Bangalore University, Jnanabharathi, Bengaluru-560056

PERSONAL ADJUSTMENT AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AS PREDICTORS OF ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT AMONG HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Dr. Krishna Rao Gangolu

ABSTRACT

 Background: A person who adjusts himself in every situation or environment can never fall in his life as compare to those who find it difficult to adjust themselves in different situations. Those who have sound emotional intelligence can adjust in any environment. Low and nelson (2004) reported that emotional intelligence skills are key factors in the academic achievement and test performance of high school. Objectives: 1. to assess the personal adjustment as predictor of academic achievement of high school students.  2. To examine the emotional intelligence as predictor of academic achievement of high school students. sample: participants in the presented is consisted of 200  students studying 7th, 8th and 9th class  in government(100)  and  private schools(100) both boys (100) and girls ( 100) tools: 1. Personal adjustment  scale “student form “developed by (Indian adaption) A. Ashok,               K. Madhu, K. Suneeta & K.V. Ramana (2009). 2. Emotional intelligence scale developed by Nutan Kumar Thingujam and Usha Ram (1999). Results: results indicated that the personal adjustment and emotional intelligence are the best predictors of academic achievement.

Key Words: personal adjustment, emotional intelligence, academic achievement, high school students.

  Counseling psychologist, Andhra Loyola institute of engineering and technology, Vijayawada, AP. India. Krishnapsy123@gmail.com

A STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE REGARDING BREAST FEEDING TECHNIQUES AMONG POSTNATAL MOTHERS (BREAST FEEDING "EMPOWER PARENTS. ENABLE BREAST FEEDING" 2019)

Mrs. U. Jhansi Rani1 Prof. D. B. Krishna Kumari2

ABSTRACT

Back ground: The national nutritional policy also adopted by the government of India emphasis on nutritional education to mothers of infant and effort to triggers appropriate behaviour changes among mothers work. Knowledge it may constitute barrier and in turn influence practices are needed to utilise benefits of baby friendly initiative and to achieve global nutritional targets by 2025[Global Target 2025][www.who.int/nutrition/globl target.2025]. Sample:  A descriptive study conducted on Post natal mothers with the aim of every infant should attain breast feeding. 50 post natal mothers, who were admitted in Santhiram General Hospital, Nandyal, Kurnool District, AP. Structured questionnaire was prepared, which contains 35 questions related to knowledge on techniques, nutritional status, diet which improves milk production. By following convenient sampling technique, data was collected and tabulated. Results:  Knowledge scores are divided like Average, below average and above average. And the results show that out of 50 post natal mothers. And the results shows that most of the women came under below average, which is 50 percent,  are uneducated and did not have awareness on breast feeding.

Key Words: knowledge breast feeding techniques mothers

  Research Scholar1 Dept. of Women's Studies and Centre, Sri Padmavathi Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati, AP, India
Professor2, Dept. of Women's Studies and Centre, Sri Padmavathi Visvavidyalayam, Tirupati, AP, India

IMPACT OF SPIRITUAL INTELLIGENCE ON WORK LIFE BALANCE – A REVIEW

P. Neeraja1 and K. Chandraiah2

ABSTRACT

Key Words:

  Research Scholar1, Department of Psychology, S.V. University, Tirupati, A.P., India.
Professor of Psychology2, Department of Psychology, S.V. University, Tirupati, A.P., India.

STRESS AMONG MOTHERS OF VERY-LOW-BIRTH-WEIGHT (VLBW) AND FULL-TERM INFANTS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW OF LITERATURE

Dr. V. Sudhakar Babu1 and Dr. K. Chandraiah 2

ABSTRACT

Key Words:

  Professor & HOD DVL Department , The Apollo Medical College, Chittoor, AP, Inida
Professor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, S.V. University, Tirupati-517 502, AP

SWAMY VIVEKANANDA'S FOUR PATHS OF YOGA

Jayakrishna Chintakunta and Dr. Chandraiah Muthana

ABSTRACT

Key Words:

  Research Scholar1Assistant Professor2, Department of Philosophy, S.V. University, Tirupati-517 502, AP